Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): Psychological Treatment

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_413

Synonyms

Definition

Psychological treatments are non-pharmacological therapies that mainly modify higher neural function including emotion, cognition, motivation, learning, and memories for IBS patients.

Description

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a very common gastrointestinal disorder characterized by recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habits without major organic diseases as assessed by routine gastroenterological examination (Drossman, 2006). The pathogenesis of IBS is affected or exacerbated by combination of factors including psychosocial states, dysmotility of the gut, and visceral hypersensitivity. The concept of biopsychosocial model best fits to pathophysiology and treatment strategy for IBS. Psychosocial stress likely plays major role in the exacerbation of all of these factors. In fact, IBS patients have symptoms which are more exaggerated by psychosocial stress than healthy controls (Whitehead, Crowell, Robinson, Heller, & Schuster, 1992),...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral Medicine, School of MedicineTohoku University GraduateAoba-ku, SendaiJapan