Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_411

Synonyms

Definition

Institutional Review Board (IRB) is a committee containing members of mixed backgrounds and including both scientist and nonscientist members whose task is to review and monitor biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects. The World Medical Association’s Declaration of Helsinki (2010) and Council for International Organizations of Medical Science’s International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects establish the international standard for biomedical research and require IRB as scientific review and ethical review committee, which is called the research ethics committee (REC) in the most of the world. IRB is assigned to the authority and responsibility for approving or disapproving proposals to conduct research involving human subjects. The chief purpose of IRB reviews is to assess the scientific and ethical merit and usefulness of the research and its methods and to ensure that research...

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References and Readings

  1. Bridge, A. (2005). Institutional review board. In C. Mitcham (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of science, technology, and ethics? (pp. 1024–1026). Detroit: Macmillan Reference.Google Scholar
  2. Levine, R. J. (2004). Research ethics committees. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bioethics (3rd ed., pp. 2311–2316). New York: Macmillan Library Reference.Google Scholar
  3. The World Medical Association. (2010). The world medical association’s declaration of Helsinki. Retrieved May 07, 2012, from http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Stress Science and Psychosomatic MedicineGraduate School of Medicine, The University of TokyoBunkyo-ku, TokyoJapan