Informed consent is giving consent to receive treatment or to become a subject of research based on adequate disclosure and understanding of relevant facts. The requirement for informed consent is based on the ethical principle autonomy. The legal grounding for requirement for informed consent is based on the outcome of litigations of disputes arising in the context of medical practice.
There are at least five necessary elements of informed consent: (1) disclosure of information sufficient to make a reasonably informed decision, (2) understanding by the consenter of information and recommendations disclosed, (3) voluntariness in consenting, (4) competence of the individual to understanding information given and reach a reasoned decision, and (5) assent.
The postulate is that a person gives an informed consent to an intervention if and only if the person receives a thorough disclosure about the procedure, comprehends the disclosed information, acts voluntarily, is competent...
References and Readings
- Beauchamp, T. L., & Faden, R. R. (2003). Informed consent. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bioethics (3rd ed., pp. 1271–1280). New York: Macmillan Reference.Google Scholar
- Malek, J. (2005). Informed consent. In C. Mitcham (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of science, technology, and ethics? (pp. 1016–1019). Detroit: Macmillan Reference.Google Scholar