Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Occupational Health

  • Johannes Siegrist
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_40



“Occupational health” is defined as the field of research and intervention that deals with work- and employment-related influences on people’s health and health-related behaviors and their modification. The field of occupational health is broader than the academic discipline of occupational medicine as it includes organizational, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects in addition to the more traditional physical and chemical hazards, thus incorporating research and expertise from social and behavioral sciences.


Generally, behavioral medicine is interested in two approaches toward occupational health. The first approach considers the organizations, companies, and businesses where large population groups can be met recurrently and simultaneously as an ideal setting of implementing programs of behavioral modification. In these programs, health-adverse behaviors such as smoking, unhealthy diet, or lack of physical...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical SociologyUniversity of DuesseldorfDüsseldorfGermany