Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Interview

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_29

Synonyms

Definition

Interviews are among the most valuable and most frequently used tools in clinical practice. They can be defined as dyadic face-to-face interactions between two people (interviewer and interviewee) that are conducted for specific purposes. Clinical interviews cover a wide range of purposes, for example, rapport building, problem exploration, or establishing a psychiatric diagnosis according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

Typically, the interaction is asymmetric in the sense that the interviewer poses questions and the interviewee provides answers. Interview questions can be categorized according to their function and/or their form. Interview questions may have the following functions: introductory questions, gathering information, rapport building, transition from one topic of the interview to another, and reassuring that information was understood correctly. Depending on the specific purpose within an...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References and Readings

  1. Barbour, K. A., & Davison, G. C. (2004). Clinical interviewing. In S. N. Haynes & E. M. Heiby (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychological assessment (Behavioral Assessment, Vol. 3, pp. 181–193). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (1996). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders, clinician version (SCID-CV). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  3. Morrison, J. (2008). The first interview: A guide for clinicians. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Robins, L. N., Cottler, L. B., Buchholz, K. K., Compton, W. M., North, C. S., & Rourke, K. M. (2000). Diagnostic interview schedule for the DSM-IV (DIS-IV). St Louis, MO: Washington University School of Medicine.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyPhilipps University of MarburgMarburgGermany
  2. 2.University of MuensterMuensterGermany