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Relapse, Relapse Prevention

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Synonyms

Remission and remission prevention

Definition

Relapse, as a clinical term, is the loss of ground gained toward health or the return of a bad habit following a period of cessation. Not unlike a lapse, which is a single occurrence of the habitual behavior, relapse is often associated with feelings of guilt and shame, and accompanied by self-degrading thoughts. Relapse prevention is an approach to therapy or education that teaches ways to indentify and anticipate triggers or precipitators of relapse. Relapse prevention also teaches behavioral coping strategies for managing high-risk situations in which triggers are present as well as coping strategies for urges, cravings, and negative emotional states that often precipitate relapse.

Description

In the model of addiction, relapse is the return to problematic substance use following a period of abstinence. Relapse is a major roadblock to treatment efficacy, as the majority of addicts who attempt abstinence will relapse. Given what...

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Relapse, Relapse Prevention, Fig. 1

References and Readings

  • Bowen, S., Chawla, N., & Marlatt, A. G. (2011). Mindfulness-based relapse prevention for addictive behaviors: A clinician’s guide. New York: Guilford Press.

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  • Lustyk, M. K. B., Chawla, M., Nolan, R., & Marlatt, G. A. (2009). Mindfulness meditation research: Issues of participant screening, safety procedures, and researcher training. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine, 24(1), 20–30.

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  • Marlatt, G. A., & Donovan, D. M. (2005). Relapse prevention (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

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Correspondence to M. Kathleen B. Lustyk .

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© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media, New York

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Lustyk, M.K.B. (2013). Relapse, Relapse Prevention. In: Gellman, M.D., Turner, J.R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_276

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_276

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4419-1004-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4419-1005-9

  • eBook Packages: MedicineReference Module Medicine