Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

In Vitro Fertilization, Assisted Reproductive Technology

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1640

Synonyms

Definition

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a method of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which eggs are exposed to sperm in a laboratory, and the resulting embryos are placed into the uterus to achieve a pregnancy.

Description

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a method of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which eggs are exposed to sperm in a laboratory, and the resulting embryos are placed into the uterus to achieve a pregnancy. In order to obtain eggs, female patients take medications to stimulate available eggs to move forward toward ovulation. Ultrasound and blood testing monitor the ovarian response. Ultrasound-guided egg retrieval is performed when the eggs are thought to be mature....

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References and Readings

  1. National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health. (2004). Fertility: Assessment and treatment for people with fertility problems (pp. 1–216). London: RCOG Press.Google Scholar
  2. Speroff, L., & Fritz, M. A. (2010). Chapter 32: Assisted reproductive technologies. In L. Speroff & M. A. Fritz (Eds.), Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility (8th ed., pp. 1331–1382). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  3. Steptoe, P. C., & Edwards, R. G. (1978). Birth after the reimplantation of a human embryo. Lancet, 2, 366.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and FertilityDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and FertilityDuke Fertility CenterDurhamUSA