Intrinsic Religiousness (Religiosity)
Intrinsic religiousness (initially and still sometimes referred to as intrinsic religiosity) is characterized as religion that is an end in itself, a master motive. Thus, individuals described by intrinsic religiousness view their religion as the framework for their lives, and they try to consistently live the religion they believe. A prototypic intrinsic religiousness test item is “My whole approach to life is based upon my religion.”
Intrinsic religiousness was first described by Gordon Allport and colleagues in the 1960s (see Allport & Ross, 1967) when investigating the possible reasons for discrepant findings in the area of religiousness and prejudice. At that time, some studies demonstrated that religiousness was positively associated with prejudice whereas other studies found the opposite. Allport hypothesized that one’s religious orientation, or sentiment, may provide guidance in sorting out these findings. The construct of religious orientation was later...
References and Readings
- Cohen, A. B., Pierce, J. D., Jr., Chambers, J., Meade, R., Gorvine, B. J., & Koenig, H. G. (2005). Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity, belief in the afterlife, death anxiety, and life satisfaction in young Catholics and Protestants. Journal of Research in Personality, 39, 307–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Masters, K. S., & Bergin, A. E. (1992). Religious orientation and mental health. In J. F. Schumaker (Ed.), Religion and mental health (pp. 221–232). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar