Osteopenia. Osteopenia is a condition where bone mineral density is lower than normal. It is considered to occur before osteoporosis. However, not every person diagnosed with osteopenia will develop osteoporosis. Osteopenia is not a disease but is a marker for the risk of fractures (Torpy, Lynm, & Glass, 2011).
Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis (“porous bone”) is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by decreased bone mass, a loss of microarchitectural bone tissue, and a failure of the bone modulus (Cranney, Jamal, Tsang, Josse, & Leslie, 2007; Gardiner, El Miedany, & Toth, 2007; Osteoporosis Education, 2011). The individuals affected by this illness are susceptible to fracture.
In the United States, an estimated 44 million adults are living with either osteoporosis (ten million) or low bone mass (Osteoporosis Education, 2011; U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services PHS, 2004). Several risk factors can influence the development of osteoporosis, including age (older age), race...
References and Readings
- Camacho, P. M., & Miller, P. D. (2007). Osteoporosis: A guide for clinicians. Philadelphia: Lippincott.Google Scholar
- National Osteoporosis Foundation (2011). Understanding Osteoporosis. Accessed March 28, 2012, from http://www.nof.org/aboutosteoporosis/prevention/healthyliving
- National Osteoporosis Foundation. (2011a). Prevalence report. Accessed October 15, 2011, from http://www.nof.org/advocacy/resources/prevalencereport
- National Osteoporosis Foundation. (2011b). Diagnosing osteoporosis. Accessed May 20, 2011, from http://www.nof.org/aboutosteoporosis/detectingosteoporosis/diagnosing
- National Osteoporosis Foundation. (n.d.). Having a bone density test. Accessed August 15, 2011, from http://www.nof.org/aboutosteoporosis/detectingosteoporosis/bmdtest
- Osteoporosis Education. (2011). About osteoporosis: Fast facts 2011. Accessed May 20, 2011, from http://www.nof.org/node/40
- U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services PHS, Office of the Surgeon General. (2004). Bone health and osteoporosis: A report of the surgeon general. Accessed August 22, 2011, from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth/content.html