Interpersonal processes refer broadly to actual or perceived elements of the social world. These processes can be generally positive (e.g., support) or negative (e.g., conflict) and of more specific types such as emotional support or insensitivity to others. It is also used to refer to the broader social context (e.g., social networks) in which such processes are embedded.
Interpersonal processes such as social support and social negativity have long been suspected as contributors to physical health outcomes. However, most biomedical research aimed at understanding disease has focused on biological processes (e.g., physiology, pathogens). There is now strong evidence linking interpersonal processes to biological pathways. This provides a bridge that can connect these perspectives to gain a more integrative understanding of the complex, multiply determined...
References and Readings
- Eisenberger, N. I. (2010). The neural basis of social pain: Findings and implications. In G. MacDonald & L. A. Jensen-Campbell (Eds.), Social pain: Neuropsychological and health implications of loss and exclusion (pp. 53–78). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Wills, T. A., & Shinar, O. (2000). Measuring perceived and received social support. In S. Cohen, L. Gordon, & B. Gottlieb (Eds.), Social support measurement and intervention: A guide for health and social scientists (pp. 86–135). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar