Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Institutional Care

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1424



Institutional care is provided within a congregate living environment designed to meet the functional, medical, personal, social, and housing needs of individuals who have physical, mental, and/or developmental disabilities. Vulnerable children, and older adults, individuals with developmental disabilities, mental retardation, chronic mental illness, and physical disabilities are more likely to receive care in institutional settings, such as orphanages, nursing homes, residential facilities, and rehabilitation centers. Care and services in institutional settings often include, but are not limited to, 24-h supervision/monitoring, assistance with activities of daily living, skilled nursing care, rehabilitation, adaptive aids and equipment, psychological services, therapies, social activities, and room and board. The cost of institutional care varies by the facility and the services that are required. Payment for institutional...

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References and Readings

  1. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2008). Guide to choosing a nursing home. Baltimore: Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  2. Challis, D., Mozley, C. G., Sutcliffe, C., et al. (2000). Dependency in older people recently admitted to care homes. Age & Aging, 29(3), 255–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jones, A. L., Dwyer, L. L., Bercovitz, A. R., & Strahan, G. W. (2009). The national nursing home survey: 2004 overview. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital and Health Statistics, 13(167), 1–155.Google Scholar
  4. Roy, P., Rutter, M., & Pickles, A. (2004). Institutional care: Associations between overactivity and lack of selectivity in social relationships. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(4), 866–873.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA