Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Preventive Care

  • Shannon IdzikEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_136


Preventive care is the branch of health care that strives to prevent mental and physical illnesses. Many members of the health care team must partner together to achieve proper preventive care. Preventive care is divided into three levels of care: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention.

Primary preventive care is the prevention of disease in a susceptible population through health promotion, education, and protective efforts. Ensuring adequate nutrition, advising patients about skin protection from ultraviolet radiation, educating about seat belt use, promoting safe home and work environments, prescribing oral fluoride supplementation in children with fluoride-deficient water, and administrating immunizations are all examples of primary preventive care.

Secondary preventive care is the prevention of disease through screening and early detection. Early recognition of disease through health care screening allows treatment to occur early in the course...

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References and Readings

  1. Partnership for Prevention. (2007). Preventive care: A national profile on use, disparities, and health benefits. Retrieved October 20, 2011 from http://www.prevent.org/Publications-and-Resources.aspx
  2. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), Pub. L. No. 111–148, 124 Stat. 119 (2010). Retrieved October 20, 2011 from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ148/pdf/PLAW-111publ148.pdf
  3. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2011). Retrieved October 20, 2011 from http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/recommendations.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Maryland School of Nursing and the University of Maryland Medical Center Emergency DepartmentBaltimoreUSA