Infertility and Assisted Reproduction: Psychosocial Aspects
Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant with regular intercourse without the use of contraception within 1 year for women up to age 35 and within 6 months for women older than 35. The term infertility is not synonymous with the term sterility (i.e., the physically or medically diagnosed inability to become pregnant). Couples with diagnosed infertility may become pregnant through natural intercourse or through the assistance of fertility treatments. Such treatments range from administration of medication to more advanced techniques such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or assisted reproductive technologies (ART) involving the handling of both sperm and egg, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Fertility treatments also may involve third-party reproductive options including the use of...
References and Readings
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