Physical fitness is one’s ability to execute daily activities with optimal performance, endurance, and strength with the management of disease, fatigue, and stress and reduced sedentary behavior.
Physical fitness has multiple components and is conceptualized as either performance- or health-related. The specificity of performance-related fitness regarding one’s athletic skill best relates to an individual’s athletic performance. Conversely, health-related fitness is generalized to health status and is affected positively or negatively by one’s habitual physical activity habits. Given the complexity of physical fitness and the epidemiological analysis taken presently, health-related fitness will be the focus of this discussion.
References and Readings
- Bouchard, C., Blair, S. N., & Haskell, W. L. (2006). Physical activity and health. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetic.Google Scholar
- Bouchard, C., & Shephard, R. J. (1994). Physical activity, fitness and health: The model and key concepts. In C. Bouchard, R. J. Shephard, & T. Stephens (Eds.), Physical activity, fitness and health, International Proceedings and concensus statement (pp. 77–88). Champaign: Human Kinetics.Google Scholar
- Larson, L. A. (1974). Fitness, health, and work capacity: International Standards for assessment. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar