Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Hazardous Waste Incinerator Emissions

  • Montse Mari
  • José L. Domingo
  • Martí Nadal
  • Marta Schuhmacher
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_94

Definition of the Subject

This chapter is basically focused on the assessment of emissions from hazardous waste incinerators (HWIs), evaluating specially those pollutants with the greatest interest and concern due their notable toxicity, persistence, and bioaccumulation capacity: polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin s and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and heavy metals. The main properties and toxic effects of those chemicals are here summarized. A review of publications on emissions from HWIs indicates that in the last decade significant progresses have been achieved in emission reductions of these facilities as result of very rigorous regulations. The suitability of using environmental (e.g., soils, herbage, etc.) and human biological (e.g., blood, urine, etc.) monitors to evaluate the impact of the above pollutants is presented together with some results of a case study, a wide survey of a HWI located in Catalonia (Spain). The results indicate that when HWIs are properly designed using...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Montse Mari
    • 1
  • José L. Domingo
    • 1
  • Martí Nadal
    • 1
  • Marta Schuhmacher
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, School of Medicine, IISPVUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliReusSpain