Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

AC Machines: Permanent Magnet Synchronous and Induction Machines

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_870

Definition of the Subject

Electrical machines can be viewed as electromechanical energy converters where at least two magnetic fields interact with each other to produce torque. There are different types of electrical machines including: brushed DC machine s, brushless DC machine s, permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSM) , AC induction machines (IM) , switched reluctance machines (SRM), and etc.

In 1886, the first practical DC motor was invented by Frank Julian Sprague. It was a motor capable of constant speed under variable loads. Brushes were used inevitably for this family of electric machinery which played a dominant role for a good part of the nineteenth century and early decades of the twentieth century.

In 1882, Nikola Tesla discovered the rotating magnetic field and pioneered the use of a rotary field of force to operate machines. Later on, he suggested that the commutators could be removed from a machine, and the device could operate on a rotary field of force. In 1888,...

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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringAmirkabir University of TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.University of TexasArlingtonUSA