Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Airborne and Space-borne Remote Sensing of Cryosphere

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_717

Definition of the Subject: The Cryosphere

The Cryosphere broadly constitutes all the components of the Earth system which contain water in a frozen state [ 1]. As such, glaciers, ice sheets, snow cover, lake and river ice, and permafrost make up the terrestrial elements of the Cryosphere. Sea ice in all of its forms, frozen sea bed and icebergs constitute the oceanic elements of the Cryosphere while ice particles in the upper atmosphere and icy precipitation near the surface are the representative members of the Cryosphere in atmospheric systems. This overarching definition of Earth’s cryosphere immediately implies that substantial portions of Earth’s land and ocean surfaces are directly subject in some fashion to cryospheric processes. Through globally interacting processes such as the inevitable transfer of heat from the warm equatorial oceans to the cold polar latitudes, it seems reasonable to argue that all regions of Earth are influenced by cryospheric processes and their...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Byrd Polar Research Center, School of Earth SciencesThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA