Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

HOT Lanes/Value Pricing: Planning and Evaluation of Multiclass Service

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_520

Definition of the Subject

Economists have recognized for a long time (and transportation professionals more recently) that congestion on highways indicates that they are being operated inefficiently. The inefficiency stems from a failure to vary the price that drivers face with the level of demand for vehicle travel on the congested facility. In practice, congestion pricing on a transportation facility or service utilizes tolls that vary either by time of day, or directly with demand. Although there are many tolled highway facilities in the USA, including bridges, tunnels, and turnpikes, (see http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/tollpage.htm), few currently vary the toll by time of day (see http://ceprofs.tamu.edu/mburris/pricing.htm). One example is the New Jersey Turnpike and another is the Port Authority Hudson River crossings in New York City that have recently introduced a modest variation for peak periods [2].

Pricing one or more lanes of a facility so as to keep traffic on them moving...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.US Department of TransportationVolpe National Transportation Systems CenterCambridgeUSA