Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Hydrogen via Direct Solar Production

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_515

Definition of the Subject

Developing renewable sources of energy to replace reliance on fossil fuels remains a major challenge. Sunlight is recognized as the largest of all carbon-neutral energy sources with 4.3 × 1020 J reaching the earth’s surface in 1 h, larger than the current energy consumption by humans in a year [1, 2]. Plants harness solar energy through photosynthesis , which is used to power the biological world and ultimately stored in carboniferous fossil fuels. The rate of production of fossil fuels is exceeded by current consumption leading to interest in artificial means to harvest solar energy. Growing energy demands due to rising living standards and increased population have stimulated a global initiative to exploring alternative means to harness solar energy and alternative energy sources. Current methods to harness solar energy for practical purposes do not compete with fossil fuel use. Artificial photosynthesis , use of synthetic systems that mimic...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

Acknowledgment is made to all the students and research scientists who have worked in this area in the Brewer Group. Special acknowledgment to Ms. Jessica D. Knoll for help with the manuscript. Acknowledgment is also made to the Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Sciences, US Department of Energy for their generous support of our research and to the financial collaboration of Phoenix Canada Oil Company which holds long-term license rights to commercialize our Rh-based technology.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA