Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Hydrogen Production from High-Temperature Fuel Cells

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_507

Definition of the Subject

Hydrogen is a likely energy carrier of the future due to the absence of carbon, low emissions when converted in various end-use technologies, and ability to be cleanly and efficiently produced from various domestic primary energy sources. In 2003 the Federal government launched the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative with a total budget of $1.2 billion over 5 years in order to accelerate research and development of fuel cell technologies [12]. Importantly, major automobile manufacturers are operating fuel cell vehicles that run on pure hydrogen gas, and several fuel cell buses are in operation in major cities around the world. Companies such as Shell, Air Products and Chemicals, Chevron, and Air Liquide are developing hydrogen production, distribution, and dispensing technologies for hydrogen vehicles along with strategies to deploy them. Moreover, the state of California intends to reduce the carbon content of transportation fuels through the Low Carbon Fuel...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Fuel Cell Research CenterUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA