Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Hitachi Zosen Inova Technology

  • Craig Kedrowski
  • Peter Chromec
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_398

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

Traditionally, waste has been landfilled – and still is today, when cost is the main criterion for waste management (Fig. 1). “Out-of-sight, out-of-mind” has been the early concept, before science provided a more complete picture of the effects of landfilling on land, water, and air for a long time after a landfill has been filled [ 1]. The primary reason for these effects is the continuing decomposition of organic waste compound s into methane and other gases that escape to the air, or to water-soluble compounds that dissolve in rainwater percolating through the waste and may contaminate surface and groundwater.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hitachi Zosen Inova U.S.A. LLCNorcrossUSA