Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Animal Breeding, Long-Term Challenges

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_345

Definition of the Subject

A major long-term challenge of animal breeding is to ensure that animal breeding is sustainable, in order to contribute to a stable long-term contribution of food for the globe. The need to address sustainability in animal breeding schemes has increased as the development in the last decades has been toward larger demands for food, fewer breeds contributing to the production of animal products, low effective population sizes despite the actual populations being large, and a decreasing number of breeding schemes providing the majority of the genetics underlying production of animal products.

The FAO report on The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture [1] indicates that the vast majority of developing countries have not been successful in sustaining genetic improvement in their livestock populations. Among the breeds considered to be in active use, 77% are located in developing countries. Animal genetic resources for food and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

Primary Literature

  1. 1.
    FAO (2007) The state of the world’s animal genetic resources for food and agriculture. In: Rischkowsky B, Pilling D (eds) Rome (Available at www.fao.org/docrep/010/a1250e/a1250e00.htm)
  2. 2.
    FAO (2010) Breeding strategies for sustainable management of animal genetic resources: FAO animal production and health guidelines, vol 3. FAO, Rome, 160 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kim ES, Kirkpatrick BW (2009) Linkage disequilibrium in the North American Holstein population. Anim Genet 40:279–288. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2052.2008.01831.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sørensen AC, Sørensen MK, Berg P (2005) Inbreeding in Danish dairy cattle breeds. J Dairy Sci 88:1865–1872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hastedt H (2000) Beats, humans and the etics of animal breeding. Arch Tierz 43:218–225Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Larrere R (2003) The issue of modern breeding a social request, consumer request or responsible inquiries? Prod Anim 16:329–332Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Olsson IAS, Gamborg C, Sandoe P (2006) Taking ethics into account in farm animal breeding What can the breeding companies achieve? J Agric Environ Ethics 19:37–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Neeteson-van Nieuwenhouven A, Merks J, Bagnato A, Liinamo A (2006) Sustainable transparent animal breeding and reproduction. Livest Prod Sci 103(3):282–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    United Nations General Assembly (1987) Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to document A/42/427 – Development and International Co-operation: Environment. Retrieved on: 2010-06-30Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gamborg C, Sandoe P (2005) Sustainability in farm animal breeding a review. Livest Prod Sci 92:221–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Woolliams J, Berg P, Mäki-Tanila A, Meuwissen T, Fimland E (2005) Sustainable management of animal genetic ressources. Nordic Gene Bank Farm Animals, Nordisk Genbank Husdyr. ISBN 92-893-1089-8Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    CODE-EFABAR (2010). http://www.effab.org/CODEEFABAR.aspx. Assessed 30-6-2010
  13. 13.
    Shuster DE, Kehrli ME, Ackermann MR, Gilbert RO (1992) Identification and prevalence of a genetic defect that causes leukocyte adhesion deficiency in Holstein cattle. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:9225–9229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Agerholm JS, Bendixen C, Andersen O, Arnbjerg J (2001) Complex vertebral malformation in Holstein calves. J Vet Diagn Invest 13:283–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Carden AE, Hill WG, Webb AJ (1983) The inheritance of halothane susceptibility in pigs. Genet Sel Evol 15:65–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Star L, Ellen E, Uitdehaag K, Brom FWA (2007) A plea to implement robustness into a breeding goal: poultry as an example. J Agric Environ Ethics 21:109–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    van der Waaij EH (2004) A resource allocation model describing consequences of artificial selection under metabolic stress. J Anim Sci 82:973–981Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rauw WM, Luiting P, Beilharz RG, Verstegen MWA, Vangen O (1999) Selection for litter size and its consequences for the allocation of feed ressources a concept and its implications illustarted by mice selection experiments. Livest Prod Sci 60:329–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cheema MA, Qureshi MA, Havenstein GB (2005) A comparison of the immune response of a 2001 commercial broiler with a 1957 randombred broiler strain when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets. Poult Sci 82:1519–1529Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bijma P (2000) Long-term genetic contributions. Prediction of rates of inbreeding and genetic gain in selected populations. PhD thesis. ISBN 90-5808-241-5Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Olesen I, Groen AF, Gjerde B (2000) Definition of animal breeding goals for sustainable production systems. J Anim Sci 78:570–582Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Meuwissen THE, Hayes BJ, Goddard ME (2001) Prediction of total genetic value using genome-wide dense marker maps. Genetics 157:1819–1829Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kolmodin R, Bijma P (2004) Response to mass selection when the genotype by environment interaction is modeled as a linear reaction norm. Genet Sel Evol 36:435–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Flock DK, Laughlin KF, Bentley J (2005) Minimizing losses in poultry breeding and production: how breeding companies contribute to poultry welfare. Worlds Poult Sci J 61:227–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lawrence AB, Conington J, Simm G (2004) Breeding and animal welfare: practical and theoretical advantages of multi-trait selection. Anim Welfare 13:S191–S196Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jensen P, Buitenhuis B, Kjaer J, Zanella A, Mormede P, Pizzari T (2008) Genetics and genomics of animal behaviour and welfare – Challenges and possibilities. Appl Anim Behav Sci 113:383–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kanis E, van den Belt H, Groen AF, Schakel J, de Greef KH (2004) Breeding for improved welfare in pigs: a conceptual framework and it suse in practise. Anim Sci 78:315–329Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Clark JAM, Potter M, Harding E (2006) The welfare implications of animal breeding and breeding technologies in commercial agriculture. Livest Sci 103:270–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Mark T, Sandøe P (2010) Genomic dairy cattle breeding: risks and opportunities for cow welfare. Anim Welfare 19(1):113–121Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Meuwissen THE (1997) Maximising the response of selection with a predefined rate of inbreeding. J Anim Sci 75:934–940Google Scholar

Books and Reviews

  1. FAO (2010) Breeding strategies for sustainable management of animal genetic resources: FAO animal production and health guidelines, vol 3. FAO, Rome, 160 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural SciencesAarhus UniversityTjeleDenmark