Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Health Physics

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_17

Definition

Health Physics : The theory and practice of radiation protection [1].

Introduction

The term health physics probably has a large number of definitions because it means many things to many practitioners of nuclear technology. As indicated above, health physics basically means radiation protection or radiation safety. The term itself has its origins in the Manhattan Engineering District (MED) days during World War II. Dr. Arthur Holly Compton and his deputy, Dr. Robert S. Stone, recognized the need for a group of individuals whose sole responsibilities were to protect the workers from the potential harmful effects of radiation while allowing the MED work to move forward as rapidly as possible. However, such individuals did not exist at the time and the decision was made to select individuals from the medical physics profession, who understood radiation exposures and biological effects of radiation , and those with expertise in measuring low levels of radiation exposure. The...

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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nuclear EngineeringTexas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA