Microwave in the Treatment of Primary Liver Cancers

  • Liang Ping
  • Yu Jie
Reference work entry


The majority of patients suffering from liver tumors are not candidates for surgery. Currently, minimal invasive techniques have become available for local destruction of hepatic tumors. Microwave ablation (MWA) is a relatively low-risk procedure that utilizes high temperatures to ablate tumors. The aim of this chapter is to review the basic principles; the state of the art of different device technologies, approaches, and treatment strategies; current therapeutic status; and future trends of microwave ablation for primary liver cancer. MWA has achieved similar effect compared with surgery, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and ethanol injection treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). For tumors adjacent to vital structures, MWA has achieved favorable results with low complications as well. Because of several advantages including high thermal efficiency, higher capability of coagulating blood vessels, faster ablation time, and simultaneous application of multiple antennae, MWA could be a promising minimally invasive technique for the treatment of HCC. Long-term survival data and large-scale prospectively RCTs comparing it with other modalities, especially with RFA for ultimately determining its effectiveness, are earnestly anticipated.


Ablation Zone Primary Liver Cancer Percutaneous Ethanol Injection Local Tumor Progression Microwave Ablation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Interventional UltrasoundChinese PLA General HospitalBeijingChina

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