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Particle Accelerators

  • S. Biri
  • E. Koltay
  • A. Valek
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter is designed to serve as a review and reference for the wide and still-evolving field of particle sources and accelerators. The object of this chapter is to give a comprehensive and easily understandable survey of the field in greater detail to the users of accelerators, nuclear physicists and chemists, as well as students. The field of particle accelerators covers facilities from hand-size mass separators through room-scale cyclotrons to huge storage rings. In spite of their important differences, all of them own a key subsystem, the ion source. The parameters of the ion beam generated in and extracted from the ion source determine the features of the accelerated beam on the target. Therefore, in Sect. 50.1, the ion sources of particle accelerators are reviewed. Section 50.2 is devoted to the electrostatic accelerators. The cyclic and linear accelerators are summarized in Sect. 50.3 where a survey on beam parameters is also given.

Keywords

Electron Cyclotron Resonance Terminal Voltage Confinement Time Radio Frequency Quadrupole Radio Frequency Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The section “Ion Sources” was contributed by S. Biri, “Electrostatic Accelerators” by E. Koltay, and “RF-based and AC-voltage Accelerators” by A. Valek.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Biri
    • 1
  • E. Koltay
    • 1
  • A. Valek
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI)DebrecenHungary

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