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Basic Properties of the Atomic Nucleus

  • T. Fényes

Abstract

In this chapter, four topics are treated. (1) Fundamental constituents and interactions of matter and the properties of nuclear forces (experimental facts and phenomenological and meson-field theoretical potentials). (2) Properties of nuclei (mass, binding energy, spin, moments, size, parity, isospin, and characteristic level schemes). (3) Nuclear states and excitations and individual and collective motion of the nucleons in the nuclei. Description of basic experimental facts and their interpretation in the framework of shell, collective, interacting boson, and cluster models. The recent developments, few nucleon systems, and ab initio calculations are also shortly discussed. (4) In the final section, the α- and β-decays, as well as the special decay modes observed far off the stability region are treated.

Keywords

Angular Momentum Shell Model Magic Number Nuclear Force Rotational Band 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is grateful to the American Physical Society, Elsevier Science (UK) and Academic Press (USA) publishers granting permission for Fig. 2.30 , Figs. 2.33 and 2.38 , and Fig. 2.8 , respectively.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Fényes
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesDebrecenHungary

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