Benign Diseases of the Cervix

  • Thomas C. WrightEmail author
  • Brigitte M. Ronnett
  • Alex Ferenczy
Reference work entry


The uterus is divided into the corpus, isthmus, and cervix [63]. The cervix (term taken from the Latin, meaning neck) is the most inferior portion of the uterus, protruding into the upper vagina. The transition between the endocervix and the lower portion of the uterine corpus is termed the isthmus or lower uterine segment. The latter is used for descriptive purposes during gestation and labor and is an important landmark for the pathologist when describing cancers of the uterine corpus. The muscular layer in the region of the isthmus is less well developed than in the corpus, a feature that facilitates effacement and dilation during labor. The vagina is fused circumferentially and obliquely to the distal part of the cervix and is divided into an upper, supervaginal, and lower vaginal portion. The cervix measures 2.5–3 cm in length in the adult nulligravida, and when normally positioned, is angled slightly downward and backward. The vaginal portion (portio vaginalis) of the cervix, also referred to as the exocervix, is delimited by the anterior and posterior vaginal fornices; it has a convex elliptical surface.


Squamous Epithelium Squamous Metaplasia Squamocolumnar Junction Hysterectomy Specimen Parabasal Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas C. Wright
    • 1
    Email author
  • Brigitte M. Ronnett
    • 2
  • Alex Ferenczy
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pathology Columbia Presbyterian Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Division of Gynecologic PathologyJohns Hopkins University School of Medicine Weinberg Building 2242BaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Jewish General HospitalMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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