Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Latium Vetus, Latium Adjectum

  • Marcello Mogetta
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_948

Introduction

Literary sources suggest that Latins and Romans had close cultural ties from prehistoric times (Alföldi 1965: 102-4); their shared identity being recognized in the use of the same language and the adoption of distinctive religious rituals and of converging mythical genealogies. Romans and Latins believed that their common “nation” had indeed formed in Latium, the region of Tyrrhenian central Italy located just south of the Tiber river. The fact that Latium was also the first region to be incorporated by the Roman state in its early expansion certainly reinforced this idea. This connection easily explains why the archaeology of Latium occupies a prominent place in the history of Classical studies, as it represents a point of entry into two crucial aspects of the Roman past: Rome’s origins and its first steps in the creation of a Mediterranean Empire.

Since the pioneering work of G. Pinza (who in 1905 was the first to propose a systematization of the prehistoric material of...

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Further Reading

  1. Cornell, T. J. 1979-1980. Rome and Latium Vetus, 1974-79. Archaeological Reports 26: 71-89.Google Scholar
  2. - 1985-1986. Rome and Latium Vetus, 1980-85. Archaeological Reports 32: 123-33.Google Scholar
  3. Forma Italiae. n.d. Available at http://www.formitaliae.it/fi/progetto.html (accessed 20 September 2011).
  4. Frutaz, A.P. 1972. Le carte del Lazio. Rome: Istituto di Studi Romani.Google Scholar
  5. Keay, S., M. Millett, L. Paroli et al. Portus. An archaeological survey of the port of imperial Rome (Archaeological Monographs of the British School at Rome 15). London: British School at Rome.Google Scholar
  6. Pavolini, C. 2006. Ostia. Rome: Laterza.Google Scholar
  7. Termeer, M.K. 2010. Early colonies in Latium (ca. 534 - 338 B.C.). A reconsideration of current images and the archaeological evidence 2010. BABESCH 85: 43-58.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Classical StudiesUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA