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Romanization

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Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

Introduction

This entry addresses the changing meanings of the term “Romanization” since the late nineteenth century. For much of the time between the initial introduction of this concept and the 1960s, the process of Romanization appears to have been viewed in an uncritical light by archaeologists and ancient historians. Romanization was often considered to operate as a relatively simple process through which indigenous societies across Italy and the Western Roman Empire became integrated into a civilized community. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the ancient historians Theodor Mommsen (1817–1903) and Francis Haverfield (1860–1919) defined this concept. In many of the works that resulted from the tradition established by these two authors, Romanization was identified as a fairly simple process of social evolution, which derived its logic from the assumption that social change occurred in all societies from a primitive form to a civilized way of living and...

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Hingley, R. (2014). Romanization. In: Smith, C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_942

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_942

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