Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Urals: Paleolithic

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_83

Introduction

The Ural Mountains was a key loci of the Paleolithic and Mesolithic occupation oikumene. The mountain regions with the adjoining areas of the East European Plains and the West Siberian Lowland have principal significance for documenting the processes and natural contexts of the Pleistocene human expansion from the SE parts of the European continent into West Siberia and the northern Russian Arctic. Past climate change and the regional topographic modelling by orogenesis and the Pleistocene glaciations, reflected by the marked environmental transformations of past landscapes and biota, attest to the complexity of the Urals’ Quaternary development ultimately determining timing and the extent of the earliest hominid inhabitation of this territory. The initial peopling of the western (Fore-Ural) area is linked to the Paleolithic dispersal into the marginal East European Plain probably during the climatically favorable Middle Pleistocene interglacials. The southern and central...

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Further Reading

  1. Serikov, Y.B. 2007. The Palaeolithic occupation site Gari and some problems of the Ural Palaeolithic. Nizhniy Tagil: NT University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory for PaleoecologyT. Bata University in ZlinZlinCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Geoecology and GeoinformationAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland