Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Leroi-Gourhan, André

  • Didac Roman
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_715

Basic Biographical Information

André Leroi-Gourhan was one of the greatest prehistorians of the twentieth century. He is well known for his significant contributions to archaeological method and theory and to the study of rock art. Born in 1911 in Paris, Leroi-Gourhan was orphaned very early and grew up with his maternal grandparents, who took him on frequent visits to the Natural History Museum in Paris. These visits awoke in him a fascination with the natural sciences. This fascination, along with the influence of his grandfather who was a member of the Naturalists’ Association, converted Leroi-Gourhan into an ardent nature lover who soon came into contact with a range of prehistorians.

At first, Leroi-Gourhan was not a motivated student, and he left study when he was 14 years old to be apprenticed to a merchant. He soon changed jobs and met some of the people who would most influence him in the future. His godmother played an important role in his development by giving him the gift...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Alcolea, J. & R. Balbin. 2007. C14 et style. La chronologie de l’art pariétal à l’heure actuelle. L’anthropologie 111: 435-66.Google Scholar
  2. Balfet, H. (ed.) 1991. Observer l’action technique: des chaînes opératoires, pour quoi faire? Paris: Editions du CNRS.Google Scholar
  3. Leroi-Gourhan, A. 1936a. Bestiaire du Bronze Chinois. Paris: Les editions d’Art et d’Histoire.Google Scholar
  4. - 1936b. La civilisation du Renne (collection Géographie humaine). Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  5. - 1943. L’homme et la matière. Évolution et techniques, I. Paris: Albin Michel.Google Scholar
  6. - 1945. Milieu et techniques. Évolution et techniques, II. Paris: Albin Michel.Google Scholar
  7. - 1964a. Les religions de la préhistoire. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
  8. - 1964b. Le geste et la parole, I: technique et langage (coll. Sciences d’aujourd’hui). Paris: A. Michel.Google Scholar
  9. - 1965. Le geste et la parole, II: la mémoire et les rythmes (coll. Sciences d’aujourd’hui). Paris: A. MichelGoogle Scholar
  10. - 1965. Préhistoire de l’art occidental (coll. L’art et les grandes civilisations). Paris: Mazenod.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Bromberger, C., J. Poirier, J.P. Olivier, C. Royer, A. Bruneton-Governatori, J. Barrau, J. Benoist, H. Balfet, C. Petonnet, J. Gutwirth, M. FontanÈs, J. Fribourg, P. Lemonnier, G. Ravis- Giordani, H. Raulin, C. France & J.-D. Lajoux. 1986. Hommage à André Leroi-Gourhan.Terrain 7: 61-76.Google Scholar
  2. Leroi-Gourhan, A. & M. Brézillon. 1966. L’habitation magdalénienne nº 1 de Pincevent prés de Monterau (Seine et Marne). Gallia Préhistoire IX, fasc. 2: 263-385.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Prehistory and ArchaeologyUniversity of ValenciaValenciaSpain