Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Underwater Sites in Archaeological Conservation and Preservation

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_522

Introduction

Exceptional preservation is one of the reasons why underwater cultural heritage stands out (Fig. 1). This applies both to sites occurring at the water bottom’s surface and to those that are buried deeply in underwater sediments. The waterlogged, anaerobic, and often anoxic conditions warrant that not just stone, ceramics, and other durable materials are preserved but all kinds of organic materials – artifacts and ecofacts – as well. This applies to sites of all periods, including early prehistory (Fig. 2). It is one of the aspects that define the high resolution of archaeological information contained in submerged wetland sites and in sites issuing from wreck.
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Further Reading

  1. Benjamin, J., C. Bonsall, C. Pickard & A. Fischer. (ed.) 2011. Submerged prehistory. Oxford: Oxbow.Google Scholar
  2. Grenier, R., D. Nutley & I. Cochran. (ed.) 2006. Underwater cultural heritage at risk: managing natural and human impacts. Paris: ICOMOS. Available at: http://www.international.icomos.org/risk/2006/fulldocan.pdf (accessed 15 August 2012).
  3. Leshikar-Denton, M.E. & P. Luna Erreguerena. (ed.) 2008. Underwater and maritime archaeology in Latin America and the Caribbean. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.Google Scholar
  4. Maarleveld, T.J., U. Guérin & B. Egger. (ed.) 2013. Manual for activities directed at underwater cultural heritage. A guide on the rules annexed to the UNESCO 2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  5. Satchell, J. & P. Palma. (ed.) 2007. Managing the marine cultural heritage: defining, accessing and managing the resource. York: CBA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maritime Archaeology ProgrammeUniversity of Southern DenmarkEsbjergDenmark