Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Living Communities: Local Communities in Site Management and Advocates for Site Preservation

  • Aysar Akrawi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_506


Most archaeologically important sites are not static locations divorced from modern communities. Rather, as has been the case throughout history, local communities live in or around, and participate in activities at, these important locales. Though one of many stakeholders, local, living communities are often imperative for the long-term preservation of archaeological sites because their active use and interaction with these places make them good stewards of such cultural heritage. Tourism, and its economic development, however, has often resulted in the sidelining or even outright relocation, of local communities, to the determinant of the communities as well as the archaeological sites themselves. More than ever, there is an urgent need to provide holistic strategies for the management of important archaeological sites that include the incorporation of local communities and that take into account the long-term socioeconomic impact of tourism on their daily lives.


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Further Reading

  1. Akrawi, A. 2000. Petra, Jordan, in J.M. Teutonico & G. Palumbo (ed.) Management planning for archaeological sites: 98-112. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute and Loyola Marymount University.Google Scholar
  2. Atalay, S. 2010. ‘We don’t talk about Catalhoyuk, we live it’: sustainable archaeological practice through community-based participatory research. World Archaeology 42: 418-429.Google Scholar
  3. Brighton, S. 2011. Applied archaeology and community collaboration: uncovering the past and empowering the present. Human Organization 70: 344-354.Google Scholar
  4. Carmen, J. 2011. Stories we tell: myths at the heart of ‘community archaeology’. Archaeologies 7: 490-501.Google Scholar
  5. Chirikure, S, & G. Pwiti. 2008. Community involvement in archaeology and cultural heritage management: an assessment from case studies in southern Africa and elsewhere. Current Anthropology 49: 467-486.Google Scholar
  6. Comer, D. 2012. Tourism and archaeological heritage management at Petra: driver to development of destruction. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Fox, W. A. 1999. Aboriginal peoples, archaeology and Parks Canada. Plains Anthropologist 44: 35.Google Scholar
  8. Global Heritage Fund. 2009. Sustainable preservation, GHF’s model for community development-based conservation. GHF white paper.Google Scholar
  9. La Roche, C. 2011. Archaeology, the activist community, and the redistribution of power in New York City. Archaeologies 703: 619-634.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Petra National TrustAmmanJordan