United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007)
In 2007, the United Nations adopted a landmark resolution for indigenous issues, the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. As a nonlegally binding, aspirational document, like most U.N. Declarations, the application and legacy of this resolution will also be a source for further research (United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 2007). Its potential lies in how the various nations, regardless of their vote on this adoption, will carry out the legacy of the work invested in this process and the work of so many activists and scholars.
There are currently between 300 and 350 million indigenous people worldwide, as recognized by UNESCO, making up about 5 % of the world population. Another recent estimate by Survival International gives a figure of 250 million, showing the importance of how “indigenous” is defined (de la Cadena & Starn 2007). Identified groups are present in over 70 countries and speak over 5,000 different languages, and they represent a...
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