Reference work entry
Basic Biographical Information
Fumiko Ikawa-Smith is an anthropologist and prehistorian (Fig. 1). She is an Emeritus Professor at McGill University, Canada. She was born in 1930 and is the eldest daughter of the Buddhist historian Ikawa Joukei. Under the oversight of her mother, who was a high school teacher, Fumiko began studying English at an early age. She graduated from Tsuda College in 1953. Her graduate thesis was on critical essays by the British poet T. S. Elliot. Taking advantage of her proficiency in English, she was able to get a clerical position under ethnologist Oka Masao in the Department of Sociology at Tokyo Metropolitan University. She gained a strong interest in anthropology while assisting Oka with his lectures and research. In 1954 she resigned her position and began studying anthropology as a graduate student at the same university, with the focus on the ancient civilizations of Central America. At the same time, she met anthropologist Clyde Kluckhohn who was in...
Special thanks to Mr. Robert Condon for basic translation.
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