Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Gardin, Jean-Claude

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_2446

Basic Biographical Information

Jean-Claude Gardin has not only left a lasting impression on archaeological theory but he was also an avid contributor to Middle Eastern Archaeology, as well as a pioneer for the utilization of computer and information sciences to the social sciences. Gardin, a native of France, served in the French Free Army during the Second World War, receiving the Croix du Guerre among several other honorable awards for exceptional service. After leaving the army, Gardin enrolled at the London School of Economics where he completed his B.Sc. in Economics in 1948. Gardin continued his studies at the Sorbonne in Paris where he studied Computer and Information science. His early research focused on the use of computers for organizing and cataloging the archaeological record. Later in his research, Gardin became interested in the role that cognitive sciences have in archaeology of interpretation, specifically semiotics.

Gardin’s primary geographic focus was Western and...

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References

  1. Gardin, J.-C. 1958. Four codes for the description of artefacts: an essay in archeological technique and theory. American Anthropologist 60: 335-57.Google Scholar
  2. - 1980. Archaeological constructs: an aspect of theoretical archaeology. London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. - 1985. Les relations entre la Méditerranée et la bactriane dans l’antiquité d’après des données céramologiques inédites, in J. Deshayes (ed.) De L’Indus aux Balkans: 447-60. Paris: Editions recherche sur les civilizations.Google Scholar
  4. - 1989a. Artificial intelligence and the future of semiotics: an archaeological perspective. Semiotica 77: 5-26.Google Scholar
  5. - 1989b. The role of “local knowledge” in archaeological interpretation, in S. J. Shennan (ed.) Archaeological approaches to cultural identity: 110-22. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. - 1997a. Le questionnement logiciste et les conflits d’interprétation. Enquête 5: 35-54.Google Scholar
  7. - 1997b. Quand on voit c’qu’on voit, quand on sait c’qu’on sait. L’Homme 143: 83-90.Google Scholar
  8. - 1998. Prospections archéologiques en Bactriane orientale (1974-1978): description des sites et notes de synthèse. Paris: Editions Recherché sur les Civilisations.Google Scholar
  9. - 2000. Approches sémiotiques du raisonnement en archéologie: un contribution au problème du pont, in P. Perron, L.G. Sbrocci, P. Colilli & M. Danesi (ed.) Semiotics as a bridge between the humanities and the sciences: 27-48. New York: Legas.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queens CollegeCUNYFlushingUSA