Field Schools, Archaeological
Although widely recognized as fundamental to the discipline, the provision of practical skills training in archaeology is currently a cause for concern, particularly in the UK, in response to continuing changes in the structure and funding of archaeological activity. A divergence has grown between training needs in the strong independent sector and the requirements of increasingly “professionalized” developer-funded units. In addition, a gulf has grown between field schools that provide training as part of an academic degree and the need for vocational training in support of a career in commercial archaeology (Aitchison 2004). Behind these issues lies a concern about the finite nature of archaeological evidence and the inevitably destructive nature of skills training “on the job.” A rise in community archaeology projects funded through the Heritage Lottery Fund also represents a shift in emphasis which, despite the best intentions, has raised concerns about training needs...
- Aitchison, K. 2004. Supply, demand and a failure of understanding: addressing the culture clash between archaeologists' expectations for training and employment in 'academia' versus 'practice'. World Archaeology 36: 203-19.Google Scholar
- Archaeology Training Forum. 2007. National occupational standards in archaeological practice. Available at: http://www.torc.org.uk/index.asp (accessed August 2011).
- Croucher, K., H. Cobb & A. Brennan. 2008. Investigating the role of fieldwork in teaching and learning archaeology. Liverpool: HE Academy’s Subject Centre for History, Classics and Archaeology. Available at: http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/hca/archaeology/fieldwork (accessed August 2011).
- Everill, P. & R. Nicholls. 2011. Archaeological fieldwork training: provision and assessment in higher education. Liverpool: HE Academy’s Subject Centre for History, Classics and Archaeology. Available at: http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/hca/resources/detail/Arch_Resource_Fieldwork_Training_Everill_Nicholls (accessed August 2011).
- Lee, R. 2009. Engaging with the historic environment: continuing education. York: Council for British Archaeology. Available at: http://www.britarch.ac.uk/sites/festival.britarch.ac.uk/files/node-files/EHE%20CE%20Report%202009_Draft%201.0.pdf (accessed August 2011).
- Schofield, J. (ed.) 2011. Great excavations: shaping the archaeological profession. Oxford, Oxbow Books.Google Scholar
- Thomas, S. 2010. Community archaeology in the UK: recent findings. York: Council for British Archaeology. Available at: http://www.britarch.ac.uk/research/community (accessed August 2011).