Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Near East (Including Anatolia): Geographic Description and General Chronology of the Paleolithic and Neolithic

  • Aaron Jonas StutzEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1910

State of Knowledge and Current Debates

Introduction

The Near East is situated at the crossroads between the genus Homo’s African evolutionary core and the Eurasian periphery (Fig. 1). The Paleolithic and Neolithic prehistory of the Near East is literally central for understanding the genus Homo as a globally distributed lineage, whose single surviving species – Homo sapiens – continues to shape and be shaped by the terrestrial, omnivorous, and extractive niche with which it has coevolved. This entry examines the general theoretical issue of biocultural evolution in the context of Near Eastern geography, climate, ecology, and Stone Age prehistory. In doing so, it offers an overview of Paleolithic and Neolithic paleoanthropology and archaeology, with basic introductory information about industries, technocomplexes, fossils, and key sites in chronological context.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyOxford College of Emory UniversityOxfordUSA