Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Linearbandkeramik Site Excavation

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1826

Introduction and Definition

The Linearbandkeramik (Linear Pottery culture, LBK) is the earliest Neolithic culture so far defined in Central Europe. At its maximum extent, it reaches from western Hungary (where it emerges around 5600–5500 cal BCE) to the Paris Basin, into Ukraine, and as far as the Northern European Plain. The LBK is characterized by a distinctive style of pottery (with linear bands) and monumental wooden longhouses flanked by pits. Enclosures and burial grounds also occasionally occur. In the earliest phase (until about 5300 cal BCE), material culture is more uniform, but this gives way to increasing regionalization until the LBK is finally replaced by a series of successor cultures, a regionally varied process completed by about 4900 cal BCE.

Key Issues/Current Debates/Future Directions/Examples

Finding Sites

Most LBK sites are located on fertile loesssoils, on the terraces of river valleys. Loess is a wind-borne glacial sediment deposited during the Ice Age which...

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References

  1. Bogaard, A., R. Krause & H.-C. Strien. 2011. Towards a social geography of cultivation and plant use in an early farming community: Vaihingen an der Enz, south-west Germany. Antiquity 85: 395-416.Google Scholar
  2. Schalich, J. 1988. Boden- und Landschaftsgeschichte, in U. Boelicke, D. von Brandt, J. Lüning, P. Stehli & A. Zimmermann (ed.) Der bandkeramische Siedlungsplatz Langweiler 8, Gemeinde Aldenhoven, Kreis Düren: 17-29. Köln: Rheinland-Verlag.Google Scholar
  3. Stehli, P. 1994. Chronologie der Bandkeramik im Merzbachtal, in J. Lüning & P. Stehli (ed.) Die Bandkeramik im Merzbachtal auf der Aldenhovener Platte (Rheinische Ausgrabungen Band 36): 79-191. Köln: Rheinland Verlag.Google Scholar
  4. Zimmermann, A., J. Meuers-Balke & A. Kalis. 2005. Das Neolithikum im Rheinland. Bonner Jahrbücher 205: 1-63.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Archaeology and ConservationCardiff UniversityCardiffUK