Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Lévi-Strauss, Claude

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1813

Basic Biographical Information

Claude Lévi-Strauss was born on November 8, 1908, in Brussels and raised in Paris where his father worked as a painter. His upbringing in a secular Jewish family passionate for art gave him access to books, museums, flea markets, art galleries, and operas. During his years at the lycée, Lévi-Strauss became fascinated by geology, read Freud as soon as his books were translated in French, and was introduced by a family friend to the socialist movement and the works of Marx. In these three early intellectual interests, he found rational explanations for the seemingly illogical phenomena underlying the earth, the mind, and society. Lévi-Strauss passed the agrégation of philosophy in 1931 and became a high school teacher in Mont-de-Marsan. But, his desire to apply philosophical knowledge and thirst for new discoveries pushed him toward a career as an ethnologist.

In 1934, he was offered a position as a sociology professor on a French university mission to...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Lévi-Strauss, C. 1948. La vie familiale et sociale des Indiens Nambikwara. Journal de la Société des Américanistes 37: 1–132.Google Scholar
  2. - 1949. Les structures élémentaires de la parenté. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
  3. - 1958. Anthropologie structurale. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  4. - 1964. Mythologiques I. Le cru et le cuit. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  5. - 1975. La voie des masques. Genève: Albert Skira.Google Scholar
  6. - 1985. La potière jalouse. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  7. - 1991. Histoire de lynx. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Bertholet, D. 2003. Claude Lévi-Strauss. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  2. Keck, F. 2005. Claude Lévi-Strauss, une introduction. Paris: La Découverte.Google Scholar
  3. Lévi-Strauss, C. 1955. Tristes tropiques. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  4. - 1994. Saudades do Brasil. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  5. Lévi-Strauss, C. & D. Eribon. 1990. De près et de loin. Paris: Éditions Odile Jacob.Google Scholar
  6. - 1952. Race et histoire. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Penn Humanities Forum, University of PennsylvaniaUC BerkeleyLos AngelesUSA