Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

French Guiana: Archaeology and Minority Communities

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1693

Introduction

French Guiana, one of the hundred overseas departments of the French Republic, has many minority groups administered from a cultural, political, and economic perspective at the State, Regional, and Departmental levels. These include six American Indian nations and four Bushinengé (Maroons or descendants of runaway slaves) groups, diverse Creole communities (primarily from Saint Lucia, Martinique, and Haiti), and more recent immigrants such as Hmong, Peruvians, and Colombians.

Definition

Archaeological Sites of Minorities

The national archaeological map (Patriarche) does not allow for the easy integration of sites such as occupation sites and cemeteries dating from the eighteenth century which are still in use. Also challenging are sites and cemeteries known only through oral traditions, and for which physical evidence is tenuous. Yet in French Guiana, Amerindian, Bushinengé, and Creole populations practice many rites in places considered natural by the Metropolitans and...

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Further Reading

  1. Ethnies 2005. 31/32. Le renouveau amérindien en Guyane française. Paris: Survival.Google Scholar
  2. Grenand P., F. Grenand & P. Menget. 1985. La question amérindienne en Guyane française. Éléments de synthèse. Ethnies 1-2: 54-8.Google Scholar
  3. Tiouka A. 2002. Droits collectifs des peuples autochtones: le cas des amérindiens de Guyane française, in I. Schulte-Tenckhoff (ed.) Altérité et droit, contributions à l’étude du rapport entre droit et culture (Collection “Droits, territoires, cultures” 2): 241-62. Bruxelles: Bruylant.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SRA Guyane (Ministère de la Culture)CayenneFrance