French Guiana: Archaeology and Minority Communities
French Guiana, one of the hundred overseas departments of the French Republic, has many minority groups administered from a cultural, political, and economic perspective at the State, Regional, and Departmental levels. These include six American Indian nations and four Bushinengé (Maroons or descendants of runaway slaves) groups, diverse Creole communities (primarily from Saint Lucia, Martinique, and Haiti), and more recent immigrants such as Hmong, Peruvians, and Colombians.
Archaeological Sites of Minorities
The national archaeological map (Patriarche) does not allow for the easy integration of sites such as occupation sites and cemeteries dating from the eighteenth century which are still in use. Also challenging are sites and cemeteries known only through oral traditions, and for which physical evidence is tenuous. Yet in French Guiana, Amerindian, Bushinengé, and Creole populations practice many rites in places considered natural by the Metropolitans and...
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