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Bam: Archaeological and Social Investigations after the Earthquake

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Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology


Bam is a desert city engaged in citrus and palm cultivation, whose residents dwelt in handmade mud-brick houses around an ancient citadel, which is a World Heritage Site (UNESCO 2005). It is located in the southern border of the Lut desert, in southeastern Iran. Despite this fringe location, it has traditionally served as a center for local trade. On the 26 December 2003, the city was reduced to ruins by an earthquake in only 12 seconds. Approximately 40,000 people died, 30,000 were injured (Tahmasebi et al. 2005), and 100,000 people made homeless (Mann 2005: 3). Disaster ethnoarchaeology: Bam after the earthquake was an ethnoarchaeological project aimed at recording this dramatic change (Dezhamkhooy & Papoli 2010; Papoli 2010; Papoli et al. 2011) (Fig. 1).

Bam: Archaeological and Social Investigations after the Earthquake, Fig. 1
figure 21 figure 21

Bam citadel after earthquake

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Correspondence to Leila P. Yazdi .

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Yazdi, L.P., Garazhian, O., Dezhamkhooy, M. (2014). Bam: Archaeological and Social Investigations after the Earthquake. In: Smith, C. (eds) Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY.

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