Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Urban Planning, Roman

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1488

Introduction

Hundreds of towns were founded, expanded, and redeveloped across the breadth of the Roman Empire, many of which still survive as cities today. Since the standing remains of the Romans’ towns in Europe and the Mediterranean region are one of the strongest reminders of their urban-focused culture, the Roman town-building tradition has been a subject of scholarly interest for centuries. Urban planning involved incising the basic layout of a future town into the landscape, creating parameters for its physical development, although other processes are also associated with it. Since the designs of many such towns have survived in the archaeological record, scholars utilize this resource for interpreting the purpose and development of Rome’s concept of the city.

Definition

Roman urban planning is the principles and practice employed in the founding, construction, expansion, and infrastructural maintenance of Roman nucleated settlements.

The physical definition and subdivision of...

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Conventi, M. 2004. Città romane di fondazione. Rome: “L’Erma” di Bretschneider.Google Scholar
  2. Haverfield, F. 1913. Ancient town-planning. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  3. Lavan, L. (ed.), 2001, Recent research in late-antique urbanism (Journal of Roman Archaeology. Supplementary series 42). Portsmouth (RI). Journal of Roman Archaeology.Google Scholar
  4. Lorenz, T. 1987. Römische Städte. Darmstadt: WBG.Google Scholar
  5. Sommella, P. 1988. Italia antica. L’urbanistica romana. Rome: Jouvence.Google Scholar
  6. Ward-Perkins, J.B. 1974. Cities of ancient Greece and Italy: planning in classical antiquity. New York: Braziller.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologyDurham UniversityDurhamUK