Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Farmsteads and Rural Life in the United States, Archaeology of

  • Mark Groover
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1319

Introduction

The historical archaeology of farmsteads and rural life investigates the development of agriculture in North America from the 1500s to the 1900s. The topic emerged in the 1970s due to the large number of rural sites and farmsteads routinely encountered during cultural resource management (CRM) archaeology projects in the United States. Rural sites are important archaeologically from a cultural and historical perspective because the majority of North American households practiced farming until the twentieth century. A rapidly declining way of life, today a small proportion of the American population pursues farming as an occupation. Consequently, archaeologists emphasize that it is important to materially document the cultural trajectory of this significant aspect of American life.

Definition

The archaeology of rural life and farmsteads examines the material culture and social history of farms from the 1500s to the 1900s in North America. Several relevant topics are...

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Baugher, S. & T. Klein. 2002. Introduction to the archaeology of nineteenth-century farmsteads in northeastern Canada and the United States. Northeast Historical Archaeology 30-31: 1-8.Google Scholar
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  13. Scholl, M.D. 1998. “In Delaware the millennium has begun”: 19th-century farmstead archaeology and the Methodist discipline. Northeast Historical Archaeology 27: 12-32.Google Scholar
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  16. Wilson, J. 1990. We’ve got thousands of these! What makes an historic farmstead significant? Historical Archaeology 24: 23-33.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyBall State UniversityMuncieUSA