Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

UNESCO (1972) and Malta (1992) Conventions

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1182

Brief Definition of the Topic

In 1972, UNESCO adopted the Convention Concerning the Protectionof the World Culturaland Natural Heritage, a treaty that has become UNESCO’s most widely accepted international instrument and was ratified by nearly all its member states. Its purpose is to encourage the identification, protection, and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. The Convention (http://whc.unesco.org/) is administered by the World Heritage Committee which consists of 21 elected nations that are party to the Convention.

The Convention names formal advisory bodies to the WH Committee, of which ICOMOS, the International Council on Monuments and Sites, advises on cultural properties and advisor on natural sites is the World Conservation Union. ICOMOS is responsible for the evaluation of nominations of cultural properties made by States Parties against the criteria laid down by the WH Committee. In addition to...

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  1. Willems, W.J.H.2007. The work of making Malta: the Council of Europe’s archaeology and planning committee 1988-1996. European Journal of Archaeology 10: 57-71.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM)Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden UniversityLeidenNetherlands