United States: Cultural Heritage Management
The protection and management of cultural heritage in the United States comprises a complex mosaic of government, local, and indigenous stakeholders interacting within a federal political system with a strong tradition of private and entrepreneurial involvement (McManamon 2000; Murtaugh 2006). In the United States, the protection afforded to cultural resources depends on where the resources are located and who owns them. One-third of the US landmass, concentrated disproportionately in Alaska and the westernmost states, is federal property, and there are heritage sites effectively owned and managed by the national authorities. The remaining two-thirds is owned by state, municipal, and private entities; the ability to manage heritage sites in this area varies considerably. Properties on state lands may enjoy the full protection of preservation laws, while cultural heritage protection on privately owned lands is generally negligible given the strong influence of private...
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