Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Laos: Cultural Heritage Management

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1156


Cultural heritage management in Laos is largely concerned with the management of monumental archaeological sites, historical architecture, and more recent sites and objects related to the communist regime. Lao heritage management has its roots in the time when Laos was part of French Indochina and is characterized by its colonial legacy, with additions from Buddhism, communism, and a currently growing business of alternative tourism.


The definition of national heritage in the Lao PDR Law on National Heritage established in November 2005 says,

National Heritage refers to items produced by mankind or formed by nature that have outstanding cultural, historical or natural value, thereby becoming precious assets and property of the Lao national community, some of which are adopted as regional and world heritage. National heritage consists of cultural, historical and natural heritage existing in the form of tangible objects, intangible items, moveable or immoveable...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Clémentin-Ojha, C. & P-Y. Manguin. 2001. Un siècle pour l’Asie: L’École française d’Extrême-Orient, 1898-2000. Paris: Les Editions du Pacifique, École Française d’Extrême-Orient.Google Scholar
  2. Colani, M. 1935. Mégalithes du Haut-Laos (Hua Pan, Tran Ninh) (Publications de l’École Française d’Extrême-Orient XXV & XXVI). Paris: EFEO.Google Scholar
  3. Evans, G. 2002. A short history of Laos: the land in-between. Chiang-Mai: Silkworm Books.Google Scholar
  4. - 2009. The last century of Lao royalty: a documentary history. Chiang-Mai: Silkworm Books.Google Scholar
  5. Harrison, D. & S. Schipani. 2007. Lao tourism and poverty alleviation: community-based tourism and the private sector, in C.M. Hall (ed.) Pro-poor tourism: who benefits? Perspectives on tourism and poverty reduction: 84-120. Clevedon: Channel View Publications.Google Scholar
  6. Karlström, A. 2009. Preserving impermanence: the creation of heritage in Vientiane, Laos (Studies in Global Archaeology 13). Uppsala: Uppsala University.Google Scholar
  7. Källén, A. 2004. And through flows the river. Archaeology and the pasts of Lao Pako (Studies in Global Archaeology 6). Uppsala: Uppsala University.Google Scholar
  8. Law on National Heritage. 2005. National Assembly, No 08/NA. 9 November 2005. English translation available at the Unesco Bangkok web site: http://www.unescobkk.org/culture/resources/culture-asia-pacific-resources/conventions-charters-and-official-documents/national/ (accessed 15 September 2011).
  9. Parmentier, H. 1954. L’art du Laos (Publications d’Ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient XXXV). Paris-Hanoi: EFEO.Google Scholar
  10. Pholsena, V. 2006. Post-war Laos: the politics of culture, history and identity. Singapore: ISEAS Publications.Google Scholar
  11. Sayavongkhamdy, T. 1996. Prehistory in Laos. Unpublished booklet from the Ministry of Information and Culture. Vientiane: Department of Museums and Archaeology.Google Scholar
  12. Stuart-Fox, M. 1997. A history of Laos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Viravong, M.S. 1964. History of Laos. Translated from the Laotian by the US Joint Publications Research Service. New York: Paragon Book Reprint Corp.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Goudineau, Y. & M. Lorrillard. (ed.) 2008. Recherches nouvelles sur le Laos / New research on Laos (Études thématiques 18). Vientiane; Paris: École Française d’Extrême-Orient.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Archaeology and Classical StudiesStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden