Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Late Antique Egypt, Archaeology of

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1115

Introduction

The archaeological study of late antique Egypt is a relatively recent field of study. Excavations at key settlements such as Alexandria, Antinoopolis, Abu Mina, Berenike, Kellia, Naqlun, Sketis, Tebtunis, Thebes, Sinai, and the oases illustrate the diverse settlements available for analysis. The archaeology of late antique Egypt is significantly impacted by the introduction of both ecclesiastical monumental architecture and monastic settlements. The earliest presence of new architectural forms is evident in the fourth century with churches built in older Roman urban centers and then alongside newly designed monastic settlements. Ostraca and the papyrological corpus in Greek, Coptic, and eventually Arabic provide a rich body of evidence for reading alongside the diverse archaeological record. Methodological choices from the fields of late antique studies, landscape archaeology, and the archaeology of religion contribute to a wide array of interpretations for explaining...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Further Reading

  1. Alston, R. 2002. The city in Roman and Byzantine Egypt. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Atiya, A. 1991. The Coptic encyclopedia. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  3. Bagnall, R.S. 1993. Egypt in late antiquity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  4. - 2001. Archaeological work on Hellenistic and Roman Egypt, 1995-2000. American Journal of Archaeology 105: 227-43.Google Scholar
  5. Bagnall, R.S. & D. Rathbone. 2004. Egypt from Alexander to the early Christians: an archaeological and historical guide. Los Angeles: Getty Publications.Google Scholar
  6. Blue, L. & D. Peacock. (ed.) 2006. Myos Hormos - Quseir al-Quadim: Roman and Islamic ports on the Red Sea. Oxford: Oxbow Books.Google Scholar
  7. Brooks Hedstrom, D.L. 2007. Divine architects: designing the monastic dwelling place, in R. Bagnall (ed.) Egypt in the Byzantine world, 300-700: 368-89. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cappozzo, M. 2007. Il Cristianesimo nel Medio Egitto. Todi: Tau Editrice.Google Scholar
  9. Dijkstra, J.H.F. 2008. Philae and the end of Ancient Egyptian religion. A regional study of religious transformation (298-642 CE). Leuven: Peeters.Google Scholar
  10. Ghica, V., S. Marchand & A. Marangou. 2008. Les ermitages d’Abu Darag revisité. Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale 108: 115-63.Google Scholar
  11. Grossmann, P. 2002. Christliche Architektur in Ägypten. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  12. Haas, C. 1997. Alexandria in Late Antiquity: topography and social conflict. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Lavan, L. & W. Bowden. (ed.) 2003. Theory and practice in Late Antique archaeology. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  14. McKenzie, J. 2007. The architecture of Alexandria and Egypt c. 300 BC to AD 700. New Haven: Yale.Google Scholar
  15. Sheehan, P. 2010. Babylon of Egypt: the archaeology of Old Cairo and the origins of the city. Cairo: The American University of Cairo Press.Google Scholar
  16. Sidebotham, S. 2011. Berenike and the ancient maritime spice route. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  17. Sidebotham, S., et. al. 2008. The red land: the illustrated archaeology of Egypt’s eastern desert. Cairo: The American University of Cairo Press.Google Scholar
  18. Török, L. 2005. Transfigurations of Hellenism: aspects of late antique art in Egypt AD 250-700. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  19. Wipszycka, E. 2009. Moines et communautés monastiques en Égypte (IVe-VIII siècles). Varsovie: Journal of Juristic Papyrology.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryWittenberg UniversitySpringfieldUSA