Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Late Antique Egypt, Archaeology of

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1115


The archaeological study of late antique Egypt is a relatively recent field of study. Excavations at key settlements such as Alexandria, Antinoopolis, Abu Mina, Berenike, Kellia, Naqlun, Sketis, Tebtunis, Thebes, Sinai, and the oases illustrate the diverse settlements available for analysis. The archaeology of late antique Egypt is significantly impacted by the introduction of both ecclesiastical monumental architecture and monastic settlements. The earliest presence of new architectural forms is evident in the fourth century with churches built in older Roman urban centers and then alongside newly designed monastic settlements. Ostraca and the papyrological corpus in Greek, Coptic, and eventually Arabic provide a rich body of evidence for reading alongside the diverse archaeological record. Methodological choices from the fields of late antique studies, landscape archaeology, and the archaeology of religion contribute to a wide array of interpretations for explaining...

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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryWittenberg UniversitySpringfieldUSA