Preservation Paradigm in Heritage Management
The idea of preservation is the basic paradigm of all heritage management, including archaeological heritage management. Heritage experts often take for granted that remains of the past are inherently valuable and deserve to be maintained in perpetuity. A common slogan thus proclaims the need to “preserve the past for the future” (cf. Spennemann 2007). Therefore, archaeologists and other heritage experts do their best to preserve sites, objects, and the information they contain for the future. Preservation involves either the conservation of heritage in physical terms (“preservation in situ,” “stewardship”) or, in case a given site or object cannot be conserved, it involves recording and archiving the information it contains (“preservation by record”; “rescue archaeology”).
From a life-history perspective of monuments and landscapes, heritage preservation can be considered as one major way of reinterpreting and reusing a given site or landscape in our age (Holtorf 2006)....
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