Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert W. Rieber

Eysenck, H. J.

  • Nava R. Silton
  • Gabrielle Immordino
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0463-8_331

Eysenck, Hans Jurgen (March 4, 1916–September 4, 1997) was a British psychologist of German origin who worked in a variety of areas, but is most known for his work on intelligence and personality.

Biographical Information

Hans Jürgen Eysenck was born on March 4, 1916, in Berlin, Germany. He was born to Eduard Anton Eysenck and Ruth Werner Eysenck; both were actors, who divorced when he was 2 years old. As the son of actors and celebrities, however, he was initially encouraged to pursue the field of acting. Eysenck was raised by his grandmother, but at age 18, after graduating high school, he fled the growing Nazi regime and resettled in England, where he studied psychology, pioneered English practice of clinical psychology, became a leading critic of Freud’s theories, and developed his own behavioral genetics, intelligence, and personality theories.

Eysenck’s early interests in life might have lead one to believe that he would devote his life to the study of psychology. However, he...

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References

  1. Jensen, A. R. (1994). Eysenck, Hans J. (1916–). In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human intelligence. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Mcloughlin, C. S. (2000). Eysenck, Hans Jurgen. In A. K. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 310–311.Google Scholar
  3. Milite, G. A. (2001). Hans Juergen Eysenck. In B. Strickland (Ed.), The gale encyclopedia of psychology (2nd ed., pp. 238–239). New York: Gale Group.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marymount Manhattan CollegeNew YorkUSA